Terminology Meaning


HANSHI: Master of the Arts. Usually 55 years old and over 35+ years of experience. 8th Degree Black and above.

KYOSHI and SHIHAN:  Also considered a Master. Given to 6th or 7th Degree Black belt with 25+ years of experience. Usually 40 years old and above.

RENSHI: A well acclaimed Martial Artist with 15+ years in the arts. Usually 30 and over, but may be as young as 25 in some cases. Can be a Chief Instructor with his/her own school.

SENSEI: Literally means "One who has been before". Not necessarily chronological age, but in experience. A teacher - a title given to Chief Instructor of a dojo. A Black belt is not a Sensei unless he/she has their own dojo, had their own dojo, or has devoted themselves to assisting a Chief Instructor. A Black belt must have at a minimum of 6 years of martialarts training to be considered a Sensei and usually a Nidan rank.

SEMPAI:  Senior student. Black belt assistant. Sometimes given to a Brown belt who assists in running a dojo.

KOBAI: Junior student. One who has less time on or lower or lower rank than yourself.

Unlike many sports, karate, as it should be practiced, is not a competitive or violent sport where men are pitted against one another. Nor is it physical training merely for the sake of training, where the goal is merely that of smashing boards or bricks. Karate is a training of both mind and body, and leads to better understanding of both self and the world. It is a self training in perfection, self-reliance and helps develop self control.

Karate is a martial art, yet was developed by the Okinawans as a weaponless method of self-defense. The Okinawans lived a life without weapons. They had to learn to defend themselves by using hands, feet or other parts of the body. The peculiar culture of the Okinawan, a peace loving people desirous of living without weapons, caused them to raise up the instinct of self-preservation to its highest form - the art of Karatedo.

The following pamphlet was designed to help you study and understand some of the basics of our training.




1. Down Block -Reverse punch

2. Chest Block - Vertical fist

3. Rising Block - Inverted punch

4. Sweeping Block - Front snap kick - Reverse punch

5. Slap Block - Inside shuto with same hand

6. Down Block - Chest block with same hand - Double punch

7. Sweeping Block - Back fist with same hand - Grab, Front Kick, Shuto block

8. Reinforced Chest Block - Roundhouse kick back foot - Reverse punch with back hand

9. Cat Stance - Shuto block - Front snap kick with front foot

10. Step Back Kibadachi Stance - Sweeping block - Side kick off leading leg - Down        block

11. Step Forward - Back Fist - Punch - Front kick - Back kick off back leg - Reverse Punch

12. Step Back Zenkutsudachi - 2 Double blocks, Outside shuto, Shuto down block with same hand - Web hand

13. Step Back With Same Hand Elbow to Rear - Elbow to jaw, Elbow to side, Shuto block, Grab head, Elbow to side of head, Back fist, Down block with same hand, Double punch




Ichi (ih-chee)- One Ju Ichi (joo ih-chee)- Eleven
Ni (nee)- Two Ju Ni (joo nee)- Twelve
San (sahn)- Three Ju San (joo sahn)- Thirteen
Shi (she)- Four Ju Shi (joo she)- Fourteen
Go (go)- Five Ju Go (joo go)- Fifteen
Roku (roo-ku)- Six Ju Roku (joo roo-ku)- Sixteen
Shichi (shih-chee)- Seven Ju Shichi (joo shih-chee)- Seventeen
Hachi (hah-chee)- Eight Ju Hachi (joo hah-chee)- Eighteen
Ku (koo)- Nine Ju Ku (joo koo)- Nineteen
Ju (joo)- Ten Ni Ju (nee joo)- Twenty


The following words may be used in different phrases or even to form sentences. If you have any questions about the pronunciation of any of these terms, please ask.

Age (ah-gey)- rising. Anza (ahn-zah)- cross leg sitting. Ashi (ah-she)- foot and/or leg. Atama (ah-tahm-ah)- head. Ate (ah-teh)- smash. Atemi (ah-teh-me)- concentrated destructive power. Barai (bah-rye)- to parry. Bogu (boh-goo)- protective equipment used during fighting or practicing with weapons. Bu (boo)- military. Budo (boo-doh)- military way or way of fighting (ex. Judo, Kendo, Kyudo, Karate-do, Kobudo). Budoka (boo-doh-kah)- military art practitioner. Bunkai (bun-kye)- hidden meaning, an interpretation of the techniques performed in kata. Chikara (chee-kah-rah)- strength. Chudan (chew-dahn)- middle, ex. chest and stomach area. Do (doh)- way. Dojo (doh-joh)- school. Empi (en-pee)- elbow Gedan (geh-dahn)- low, ex. anything below the obi. Genki (gehn-key)- vigor; energy. Hajime (hah-zhim-ay)- begin. Hana (hahn-ah)- nose Hara (hah-rah)- In Japanese culture, the center of a persons being/consciousness. Located approximately two inches below the navel. Hidari (he-dah-rhee)- left. Hiji (he-gee)- elbow. Hittsui (hit-tsue-ee) OR Hiza (he-zah)- knee. Jodan (joh-dahn)- high, ex. the head. Ju (joo)- flexibility. Kakato (kah-kah-toe)- heel Kamae (kah-may)- fighting posture. Kan (kahn)- house or hall. Karada (kah-rah-dah)- body Karategi (kah-rah-teh-ghee)- a uniform. Karateka (kah-rah-teh-kah)- Someone who practices karate. Kata (kah-tah)- a prearranged set of movements, consisting of stances, strikes, blocks, and kicks, used as a teaching aid. Ken (ken)- fist. Ki (key)- intrinsic energy, a hidden strength that everyone possesses. Kiai (key-aye)- "spirit joining". Kiotsuke (key-oot-skay)- a command given to stand in musubi dachi (a heisoku dachi with the toes pointed outward and hands by your side). Kobudo (ko-boo-doh)- weapons. Koshi (koh-she)- ball of the foot Kotekitae (koh-tey-key-teh)- a traditional method of body conditioning. Kubi (koo-be)- neck Kumite (koo-mih-teh)- fighting. Kuzushi (koo-zoo-she)- to unbalance. Kyu (kyoo)- the rank under black belt. Kyoshu (key-oh-shoe)- striking point. Maai (mah-aye)- distancing. Makiwara (mah-key-wah-rha)- a hard object used for striking, usually made of wood or braided straw, used to strengthen hands and improve focus. Matte (mat-teh)- stop. Mawate (mah-wah-teh)- turn. Me (meh)- eye. Migi (me-ghee)- right. Mokuso (moh-keh-so)- meditate. Mune (moo-nih)- chest. Nage (nah-geh)- throw. Nodo (no-doh)- throat. Obi (oh-bee)- belt. Okinawa Te (oh-key-nah-wha teh)- the original Okinawa fist art. Rei (ray)- formal bowing. Reigi Zaho (ray-ghee zah-hoh)- courtesy or manners. Renshu (ren-shoe)- to train, practice, drill, etc. Ryu (roo)- school. Ryu-ha (roo-hah)- style. Sensei (sehn-seh-ee)- "those who have gone before", or teacher. Shinki (shin-key)- nerve. Shita (she-tah)- down. Skashi (skah-she)- to avoid. Sokuto (sow-koo-too)- edge of the foot Suigetsu (sue-ee-geh-tsue)- solar plexus Tachimas (tah-chee-mahs)- to rise or stand up. Tai Sabaki (tye sah-bah-key)- body movement Te (teh)- hand. Tekubi (teh-koo-be)- wrist Tori (toh-ree)- a term given to the "aggressor" when working with a partner. Ude (oo-deh)- forearm Uke (oo-kay)- a term given to the "defender" when working with a partner. Ukemi (oo-kehm-ee)- break fall. Uye (oo-ee)- up. Waza (wah-zah)- technique. Yame (yah-may)- stop. Yoi (yoy)- command given to stand in ready stance. Za Rei (zah ray)- kneeling bow.



  STANCES The word dachi (dah-chee) will usually be used when referring to a stance. Fudo Dachi (foo-doh dah-chee)- Feet shoulder width apart and hands slightly out in front of you. Heisoku Dachi (hay-sow-koo dah-chee)- Feet together and hands on your side. Iaigoshi Dachi (ey-aye-go-she dah-chee)- kneeling stance. One foot on the floor and the opposite knee on the floor, both pointing in the same direction. Ippon Ashi Dachi (ih-pon ah-she dah-chee)- one legged stances. Kokutsu Dachi (koh-koo-tsu dah-chee)- back leg bent stance. Keep feet in a similar position to zenkutsu. Most of your weight is on the back leg. Kosa Dachi (koh-sah dah-chee)- Hooked or crossed legged stance. The feet will be together, little toe to little toe. One knee will fit into the back of the other knee. Both knees will stay bent. Musubi Dachi (moo-sue-be dah-chee)- a heisoku dachi with the toes pointed outward. Nai Hanchi Dachi (ni hahn-chee dah-chee)- Both feet will move out to the side of the body instead of front or back. (Pretend that you are riding a horse). Once the legs are out to the side, bend the knees and drop the buttocks closer to the floor. Both feet should be pointing forward. Keep your back straight. Neko dachi (neh-koh dah-chee)- This name means "cat stance". Stand with your feet together. Point one straight and turn the other foot to an angle (45° angle). Take the foot that is straight and move it out one step, letting only the ball of the foot touch the floor. Now bend the back leg so that at least 80% of your weight is on it. From this position, you should be able to lift your front leg and balance on your back leg. Seisan dachi (seh-ee-sahn dah-chee)- This stance is similar to the zenkutsu dachi, but it's length is shorter. Both feet should be turned slightly inward. Seiza (seh-zah)- Sitting, kneeling. Both feet should be underneath the buttocks with both great toes touching. Hands can either on the upper thigh or on the knee. Shiko dachi (she-ko dah-chee)- This stance is performed the same as the nai hanchi dachi but instead of the feet pointing straight forward, they are pointed out and away from the body. Zenkutsu dachi (zen-koo-tsue dah-chee)- One leg forward and one leg back, shoulder width apart. The front knee will be bent until you can't see your toes and the back leg will be straight. Both feet should be pointing forward.


HAND TECHNIQUES - Te waza (teh wah-sah) Empi Uchi (en-pee oo-chee)- elbow strike. Gyaku Zuki (gya-koo zoo-key)- reverse punch. Haishu (hi-shoo)- back of hand. Haito (hah-ee-toh)- knife hand. Hiji Ate (he-gee ah-teh)- elbow smash. Hike Te (hee-kee teh)- withdrawing hand, the hand on the hip. Kaku Zuki (kah-kuh zoo-key)- square punch, ex. Nai Hanchi Shodan. Kakuto (kah-koo-toh)- bent wrist. Kentsui (ken-tsue-ee)- hammer fist. Morote Zuki (moe-row-teh zoo-key)- double punch. Nukite (noo-key-teh)- spear hand. Oi Zuki (oh-ee zoo-key)- lunge punch. Seiken Zuki (say-ken zoo-key)- straight punch. Shi Zuki (she zoo-key)- beak thrust. Shuto (shoe-toe)- knife hand. Tate Zuki (tah-teh zoo-key)- vertical punch. Teisho (teh-show) OR Shotei (show-teh)- palm heel. Tettsui (tett-soo-ee)- hammer fist. Tsuki Te (tsue-key teh)- hand strike Uchi Te (oo-chee teh)- the hand doing the striking. Ura Zuki (oo-rah zoo-key)- close punch. Uraken (oo-rah-ken)- back fist. Yama Zuki (yah-mah zoo-key)- U punch. Zuki (zoo-key)- punch.



UKE (oo-kay)- blocks

Age Uke (ah-geh oo-kay)- rising block Chudan Uke (chew-dahn oo-kay)- outward middle forearm block Gedan Barai (geh-dahn bah-rye)- low parry Hasami Uke (hah-sah-me oo-kay)- scissor block. Kosa Uke (koe-sah oo-kay)- cross block. Morote Uke (moe-row-teh oo-kay)- augmented forearm block Soto Uke (so-toh oo-kay)- inward middle forearm block



FOOT TECHNIQUES - Ashi waza (ah-she wah-zah)

Fumakomi (foo-mah-koh-me)- side stomp kick. Geri (geh-rhee)- kick. Kansetsu Geri (can-set-sue geh-rhee)- kicks aimed at joints. Keage (kay-ah-geh)- snap. Kekomi (kay-koh-me)- thrust. Mae Geri (mah-eh geh-rhee)- front kick. <class="msonormal" style="margin-left:.5in">Mae Geri Kakato (mah-eh geh-rhee kah-kay-toh)- front kick with the heel. Mae Geri Koshi (mah-eh geh-rhee koh-she)- front kick with the ball of the foot. Mawashi Geri (mah-wah-she geh-rhee)- round kick with the top of the foot. Mawashi Geri Koshi (mah-wah-she geh-rhee koh-she)- round kick with the ball of the foot. Mikazuki Geri (me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee)- crescent kick. Sokuto Geri (sow-koo-toe geh-rhee)- side kick with the blade or edge of the foot. Ushiro Geri (oo-she-row geh-rhee)- back kick. Yoko Geri (yoh-koh geh-rhee)- side kick with the heel.



OTHER WORDS AND PHRASES ...o misete kudasaimasu ka?- Can you show me... ...o oshiete kudasaimasu ka?- Can you tell me... ...wa doko desu ka (wah doh-koh des kah)- Where is.... Arigato (ah-ree-gah-toe)- thank you. Chaku-gan (chaw-ku-gahn)- focused eye contact. Dekimasen (day-kee-mah-sen)- I cannot do (it). Dekimashita (day-kee-mahssh-tah)- I did (it). Dekimasu (day-kee-mahss)- I can do (it). Dekimasu ka? (day-kee-mahss kah)- Can you do (it)? Desu ka (des kah)- is it. Do itashimashite (doe-ee-tah-she-mahssh-teh)- You're welcome. Domo arigato gozaimasu (doh-moh ah-ree-gah-toe go-zye-ih-mah-soo)- thank you very much. Genki desu. Anata wa? (gen-kee dess ah-nah-tah wah)- I'm fine. And you? Gomennasai (go-men-nah-sigh)- Sorry. Hai (hi)- yes Hanshi (hahn-she)- master, a martial arts master of 9th Dan or higher who is recognized as the head of a particular system. Ie desu ka? (eee des kah)- Is it okay? Iie (ee-yeh)- no Irasshaimase! (ee-rah-shy-mah-say)- Welcome! Joseki (joh-seh-key)- upper side; for yudansha (black belt). Kaiseki (kye-seh-key)- analysis of kata. Kamiza (kah-me-zah)- upper seat; senior side of practice area. Kime (key-may)- focusing technique. Konbon wa (kohn-bahn wah)- good evening Konnichi wa (kohn-ee-chee wah)- good afternoon Kore o yakushite kudasaimasu ka?- Could you translate this? Kore wa doyo imi desuka.- What does this mean? Kore wa ii desu ka (koe-ray wah ee dess kah)- Is this okay? Koshi o ireru (koh-she o ee-re-roo)- "putting in the hip." Kyohan (key-hohn)- basics (punching, kicking, blocking, etc.) Kyoshi (key-oh-she)- an expert teacher or senior teacher in the martial arts who is 7th Dan or higher and is awarded their "senior teachers license". Sometimes also referred to as Shihan (she-hahn). Menjo (men-joh) - rank certification. Mo ichi-do (moh ee-chee-doh)- one more time Mudansha (moo-dahn-sha)- kyu rank under yudansha. O-genki desu ka? (Oh-gen-kee dess-kah)- How are you? Ohayo gozaimasu (oh-ha-yoh go-zye-mah-soo)- good morning. Onegai shimasu (oh-nih-guy she-mah-soo)- please teach us. Oyasumi nasai (oh-yah-soo-me nah-sigh)- good night. Renshi (rehn-she)- a polished expert, a martial artist who is 4th Dan or higher and is awarded their "teachers license". Reshiki (ray-she-key)- ceremony. Sensei ni mawate (sehn-seh-ee nee mah-wah-teh)- turn to sensei. Shimoseki (she-moh-seh-key)- lower side; for mudansha (below black belt). Shimoza (she-moh-zah)- lower seat; practice area for kyu ranks. Shinden ni rei (shin-den nee ray)- All bow to those who came before us. Sore wa ii desu. (soe-ray wah eee dess)- That's fine. Sumimasen (sue-me-mah-sen)- excuse me; pardon me. Wakarimasen (wah-kah-rhee-mah-sen)- I don't understand. Wakarimashita (wah-kah-rhee-mahss-tah)- I understood; I understand Wakarimasu (wah-kah-rhee-mahss)- I understand. Wakarimasu ka? (wah-kah-rhee-mahss kah)- Do you understand? Yudansha (you-dahn-shah)- black belt and above.



Jeffery's Okinawan Kenpo Karate Academy
408F Northside Drive
Valdosta Ga. 31602

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